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Greece: Media concentration and independent journalism between austerity and digital disruption

Papathanassopoulos, S., Karadimitriou, A., Kostopoulos, C., & Archontaki, I. (2021). Greece: Media concentration and independent journalism between austerity and digital disruption. In J. Trappel, & T. Tomaz (Eds.), The Media for Democracy Monitor 2021: How leading news media survive digital transformation (Vol. 2) (pp. 177–230). Nordicom, University of Gothenburg.


Freedom, equality and control are core values of democracy. In the Media for Democracy Monitor (MDM) we translate these values into communication functions. The media’s information function is derived from freedom; the forum function allowing for public discussion of diverse ideas responds to equality, and the function to act as a watchdog over the use and abuse of all types of power echoes with the control value. These three media functions turned into MDM dimensions are then measured on 30indicators. By way of example: company rules against external influence in the newsroom are an indicator of freedom; low ownership concentration at the national, regional and local levels is an indicator of equality; and journalism job security as an indicator of the control value/watchdog function. Greece was one of the 21 countries reported in this major research. The Media for Democracy Monitor 2021 (MDM) is a research project conducted under the umbrella of the Euromedia Research Group.